Transgender Women Urgently Need More HIV Prevention and Treatment Services, New CDC Data Show
A CDC reportpdf icon released in advance of National Transgender HIV Testing Day found that 4 in 10 transgender women surveyed in seven major U.S. cities have HIV.
Interviews conducted in 2019 through early 2020 with 1,608 transgender women living in Atlanta, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York City, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Seattle found that 42% of respondents with a valid HIV test result had HIV.
Sixty-two percent of Black transgender women and 35% of Hispanic/Latina transgender women had HIV, compared to 17% of white transgender women.
Knowingly exposing others to HIV is no longer a felony in California
California lawmakers have passed legislation to reduce the penalty for those who knowingly or intentionally expose others to HIV without their knowledge, rolling back a law that mostly affected sex workers.
The bill, SB 239 … will lower the charges for these acts from a felony to a misdemeanor when the law goes into effect in 2018. The act of knowingly donating HIV-infected blood, also a felony now, will be decriminalized.
Generationing, Stealthing, and Gift Giving: The Intentional Transmission of HIV by HIV-Positive Men to their HIV-Negative Sex Partnershttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4768590/
Gift giving is the process by which an HIV-positive person purposely infects an HIV-negative person with HIV, usually with that person’s knowledge and consent.
Generationing is a type of gift giving in which one gift giver successfully infects a previously-uninfected man with HIV, and then the two men collaborate in an effort to seroconvert another man, and so forth.
Stealthing is another type of gift giving in which an HIV-positive man actively tries to infect an HIV-negative man with HIV, without the latter’s knowledge or consent.
The Ultimate High: Sexual Addiction and the Bug Chasing Phenomenonhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10720160601150121?journalCode=usac20
This study sought to explain the existence of a controversial subculture of gay men, a group whose main attribute is an active desire to voluntarily contract HIV. The following research reasons “bug chasing” as being symptomatic of sexual addiction
Intestinal parasitic infections in homosexual men: prevalence, symptoms and factors in transmission.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1704818/
In a controlled study 67.5% of 200 homosexual men but only 16% of 100 heterosexual men were found to be infected with intestinal parasites.
Among the homosexual men recent foreign travel, living in a homosexual household and promiscuity were not correlated with intestinal parasitic infection, but cleansing of the anus before and sex was associated with a significantly lower prevalence of infection.These findings suggest that the male homosexual community may be an important reservoir of potentially pathogenic protozoa.
Reported STDs Reach All-time High for 6th Consecutive Year
New data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show that reported annual cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the United States continued to climb in 2019, reaching an all-time high for the sixth consecutive year.
The newly released 2019 STD Surveillance Report found:
- 2.5 million reported cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis, the three most commonly reported STDs in 2019.
- A nearly 30% increase in these reportable STDs between 2015 and 2019.
- The sharpest increase was in cases of syphilis among newborns (i.e., congenital syphilis), which nearly quadrupled between 2015 and 2019.
“Less than 20 years ago, gonorrhea rates in the U.S. were at historic lows, syphilis was close to elimination, and advances in chlamydia diagnostics made it easier to detect infections,” said Raul Romaguera, DMD, MPH, acting director for CDC’s Division of STD Prevention. “That progress has since unraveled, and our STD defenses are down.
The STD burden is not equal
The burden of STDs increased overall and across many groups in 2019. But it continued to hit racial and ethnic minority groups, gay and bisexual men, and youth the hardest.
Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups
In 2019 STD rates:
For African American or Black people were 5-8 times that of non-Hispanic White people.
For American Indian or Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander people were 3-5 times that of non-Hispanic White people.
For Hispanic or Latino people were 1-2 times that of non-Hispanic White people.
Gay and Bisexual Men
Make up nearly half of all 2019 primary and secondary syphilis cases.
Gonorrhea rates were 42 times that of heterosexual men in some areas.
Young People Aged 15–24 years
Make up 61% of chlamydia cases.
Make up 42% of gonorrhea cases.https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2021/p0413-stds.html
HIV Stats Overview
Estimating the Population Size of Men Who Have Sex with Men in the United States to Obtain HIV and Syphilis Rates§
We conducted a systematic literature search and identified seven surveys that provided data on same-sex behavior in nationally representative samples. Data were pooled by three recall periods and combined using meta-analytic procedures. We applied the proportion of men reporting same-sex behavior in the past 5 years to U.S. census data to produce a population size estimate. We then calculated three disease metrics using CDC HIV and STD surveillance data and rate ratios comparing MSM to other men and to women.
Estimates of the proportion of men who engaged in same-sex behavior differed by recall period: past year = 2.9% (95%CI, 2.6–3.2); past five years = 3.9% (3.5–4.4); ever = 6.9% (5.1–8.6). Rates on all 3 disease metrics were much higher among MSM than among either other men or women (38 to 109 times as high).https://archive.is/7WMRl#selection-709.0-729.308
Gay Americans Make Up 4 Percent of Population
April 8, 2011— — An estimated 9 million Americans — or nearly 4 percent of the total population — say they identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender, according to a new report released this week from the Williams Institute, a think-tank devoted to LGBT research at UCLA.
Bisexuals make up slightly more than half that group, 1.8 percent of the total U.S. population, and they are substantially more likely to be women than men.
The report is the most up-to-date assessment of that population and produced a lower population percentage than the 10 percent number that advocacy groups have used in the past, which was based on Alfred Kinsey studies from 1948.https://abcnews.go.com/Health/williams-institute-report-reveals-million-gay-bisexual-transgender/story?id=13320565